7 Essential Steps for Handling Water Damage in Your Home

Water damage is a costly issue, draining billions from homeowners annually. Did you know that a typical home insurance claim for water damage exceeds $11,000? Our homes can fall victim to various water-related problems, whether due to burst pipes, leaks, cracks in the foundation, or even natural events like heavy rains or storms. Especially vulnerable are homes in flood-prone regions or those with dated plumbing systems.

If not addressed promptly, water damage spirals into a host of problems. It can lead to mold growth, harm floors, walls, and furnishings, spark electrical concerns, and even pose health risks. So, immediate action is necessary to curb the damage and avert subsequent issues. Being informed and proactive can drastically minimize the consequences of water damage.

1. Assess the Situation and Locate the Source

Water damage situations require quick assessment and action. The first step is to determine where the water is entering from. If you’re puzzled by a situation where your water meter reading is high but there’s no leak apparent, investigating hidden sources of water usage or malfunctioning appliances can be a crucial step in preventing unexpected water damage and conserving resources. This allows you to stop additional water from causing more damage. Turn off the water supply if it’s a leaky pipe. If it is due to flooding, move valuables to higher ground. 

Once the source is found, you can start mitigating further damage. Stopping the water flow is the priority. This assessment period is critical for making a plan of action and getting the right resources to control the situation. 

2. Dry Out the Area ASAP

Excess moisture allows mold to take hold after water damage. If there has been major flooding, call in professional water damage restoration contractors like Flood Pros USA. They have a reputation for efficient and thorough water damage restoration, ensuring every nook and cranny is dried properly. 

Swift drying is crucial to prevent mold growth. Use dehumidifiers, fans, and open windows to speed up evaporation. If your walls or floors are saturated, you may also need to remove the flooring. Aim to dry things within 24-48 hours; drying times beyond this risk dangerous mold growth inside walls and floors. 

Many professionals have high-powered truck-mounted drying systems that thoroughly dry out materials. Improper drying can cause structural damage, so let the experts handle major water removal. Dry materials are easier to sanitize as well, while acting fast limits further damage and lets you resume normal living.

3. Ensure Everyone’s Safety 

Safety must be the top concern when addressing water damage. Electrocution is a major risk if water contacts electrical outlets or appliances. Avoid going near standing water around electrical sources. Turn off power to the affected area at the breaker panel. Also, watch for slippery floors that could cause falls and injuries. Use caution when moving around the home. 

For major flooding, evacuation may be necessary if water levels within the home become unsafe. If floodwaters have entered the house, get to higher ground until the waters have fully receded. Rushing floodwaters can be deceptive, so exercise extreme care. Don’t attempt to drive or walk through flooded areas. 

4. Document the Damage

Thorough documentation provides critical insurance claim evidence. Take photos and videos of all water-damaged areas, showing water levels and damage to walls, floors, furnishings, and other belongings. Make a detailed list of damaged or lost items for your claim submission. Record model numbers, costs, purchase dates, and other details.

Contact your insurance company promptly to start your claim. Most home insurance policies cover water damage, but quick notification is key. Provide documentation and be prepared to answer questions from adjusters. Maintaining open communication can facilitate faster processing and resolution of your claim.

Documentation also provides a record to refer back to during restoration. Photos aid contractors in developing repair plans and provide you with estimates. They also help monitor the drying progress. Documenting damage helps get your insurance claim paid so repairs can begin.

5. Discard Irreparable Items

After water damage, seemingly dry items may be ruined with hidden mold. Carpeting, mattresses, upholstery, and other porous materials are at high risk. Even without visible mold, there is a risk for potential growth that could harm your health.

Discard any thoroughly soaked porous items. Check with insurance adjusters first, as they’ll want documentation. Photograph items before disposal. Mold can flourish unseen in wet materials. So, don’t keep them in the home.

Discarding unsalvageable items removes contaminant reservoirs. This protects the health and lets restoration focus on viable surfaces. Though inconvenient, starting fresh with new carpeting or mattresses is better than living with mold.

6. Clean and Sanitize

Post-drying, thorough cleaning and sanitizing will remove all contaminants. Use detergent and hot water to wash hard surfaces. Use chlorine bleach or antimicrobial disinfectants to sanitize after cleaning. These kill lingering mold and bacteria.

For sewage flooding, hire professional cleaners. Sewage can contain dangerous pathogens requiring expert sanitizing. Cleaners use hospital-grade disinfectants and advanced methods to sanitize. Do-it-yourself cleaning risks exposure to viruses and bacteria.

Proper sanitizing ensures mold and bacteria don’t regrow during repairs. It protects the health of your family, too. 

7. Inspect for Hidden Mold

Look for signs of hidden mold; this includes musty odors. Inspect behind walls, under materials, and in ventilation systems. Consider hiring a mold inspector after any water damage. They use moisture meters, air testing, and other methods to find hidden mold affecting indoor air quality.

Even if you don’t see mold, it could be lurking in unseen places. And professional inspections using the latest technology help locate hidden mold.

Identifying all mold sources is crucial before rebuilding because overlooked mold can later reemerge. Comprehensive inspection avoids future problems and protects air quality. 


Dealing with water damage effectively requires quick action and the proper knowledge. These essential steps can help homeowners minimize damage, avoid mold growth, and restore affected areas. Being prepared by having the right supplies and knowing who to contact for help makes the process easier to manage. With the right approach, homes can be dried out, repaired, and restored to a better condition. Though it can be challenging, homeowners can successfully handle water damage events.

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